Paolo Fasella and Anwar Hussain
PUBLISHER: Scientific International Pvt. Ltd.
ACC. NO.: 75370 CALL NO.: 631.523 F248
Book Description: Plant Biotechnology is a precise process in which scientific techniques are used to develop molecular and cellular-based technologies to improve plant productivity, quality and health, quality of plant products or to prevent, reduce or eliminate constraints to plant productivity caused by diseases, pest organisms and environmental stresses. Plant biotechnology in use today relies on advanced technology, allows plant breeders to make precise genetic changes to impart beneficial traits to plants. The practice of plant biotechnology has been around for centuries. Using less advanced methods, early farmers and plant breeders laboured to improve plants. The field of plant biotechnology is concerned with developing ways to improve the production of plants in order to supply the world’s needs for food, fibre and fuel. Plants provide us many pharmaceuticals and industrial compounds. To increase the quantity of crop production as well as to produce specific characteristics in plants, biotechnologists are using selective gene techniques. Plant biotechnology is an extension of this traditional plant breeding with one very important difference-plant biotechnology allows for the transfer of a greater variety of genetic information in a more precise and controlled manner. This more precise science allows plant breeders to develop crops with specific beneficial traits and without undesirable traits. Many of these beneficial traits in new plant varieties fight plant pests-insects, disease and weeds-that can be devastating to crops. Others provide quality improvements, such as tastier fruits and vegetables, processing advantages, such as tomatoes with higher solids content, and nutrition enhancements, such as oil seeds that produce oils with lower saturated fat content. Crop improvements like these can help provide an abundant, healthful food supply and protect our environment for future generations.